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Food & Drinks Greece

All About Ouzo Greek Drink: National Drink of Greece

  • August 5, 2023
  • 7 min read
All About Ouzo Greek Drink: National Drink of Greece


Greece is known for its rich cultural heritage, breathtaking landscapes, and delectable cuisine. When it comes to beverages, Ouzo greek drink holds a special place in the hearts of Greeks and has gained international recognition.

Often referred to as Greece’s national drink, Ouzo has a fascinating history and unique qualities that have contributed to its fame.

In this article, we will delve into the history, production process, and art of drinking Ouzo, uncovering why it holds such a prominent place in Greek tradition and beyond.

The Iconic Ouzo Greek Drink

Ouzo is a traditional Greek alcoholic beverage known for its anise-flavored taste. It is often enjoyed as an aperitif, setting the stage for a delightful meal or a vibrant evening.

This national drink of Greece has gained immense popularity not only within the country but also among international connoisseurs of fine liquors.


History of Ouzo: A Journey Through Time

To understand the fame of Ouzo, it is essential to delve into its history. Ouzo has been produced in Greece for centuries and has deep roots in Greek culture.

The exact origin remains somewhat elusive, but it is believed that its origins can be traced back to the 14th century, when Greek monks on Mount Athos developed a distilled alcohol made from grapes.

This precursor to Ouzo was known as “tsipouro.” Distillation is the art of extracting essential flavors and aromas from natural ingredients, resulting in a wide array of spirits.

The name Ouzo itself is believed to have originated in the early 19th century. According to popular belief, it derives from the word “ouzoun,” meaning “to smell” in Turkish. This name accurately describes Ouzo’s characteristic aroma.

Greeks Drink Ouzo Making: From Grapes to Bottles

Ouzo is primarily made by distilling a combination of alcohol, water, and flavorings.  It is made through a unique distillation process that sets it apart from other liquors. The base ingredients of Ouzo include pure ethyl alcohol, water, and anise seeds.

But, the most crucial ingredient in Ouzo is anise, which gives it its distinctive licorice-like taste. These ingredients are carefully combined and distilled to create the distinct flavor profile of Ouzo.

The production process typically involves fermenting grape marc, a byproduct of winemaking, and then distilling it to create a base spirit. This spirit is then flavored with aniseed and other herbs and spices, resulting in the signature flavor of Ouzo.

First Ouzo Distillery: The Greek Connection

The first distillery to produce Ouzo in a commercial setting was established in 1856 by Nikolaos Katsaros on the Greek island of Lesvos. Katsaros’s distillery, located in the village of Plomari, is still in operation today and is known for producing high-quality Ouzo.

Plomari has since become synonymous with the finest Ouzo producers, earning a well-deserved reputation for its contribution to Greek liquor culture.

Greek Ouzo and Greek Tradition

Greeks have long had a deep-rooted appreciation for Ouzo, making it an integral part of their social gatherings and culinary experiences.

It is customary to enjoy Ouzo alongside a variety of meze, small plates of delicious appetizers, such as grilled octopus or fennel salad.

This combination of Ouzo and meze creates a harmonious blend of flavors that perfectly encapsulates the essence of Greek cuisine.

Art of Drinking Ouzo: Unveiling the Ritual

Drinking Ouzo is not just about consuming a beverage; it is an art form in itself. Greeks take pride in the way they enjoy Ouzo, savoring it slowly and often accompanied by friends and family.

To truly savor the flavors, it is recommended to serve Ouzo chilled. Many Greeks prefer to add a splash of cold water or a few ice cubes to dilute the strong alcohol content slightly.

The addition of water or ice triggers the “Ouzo effect,” causing the transparent liquid to turn milky-white, creating a visually captivating transformation.

Ouzo: From Greece to the World

While Ouzo’s production is not limited to Greece, the drink’s unique flavors and cultural significance are intrinsically linked to the country.

Ouzo is protected by the designation of origin, ensuring that only spirits produced in Greece can be labelled as such. This designation serves as a mark of quality and authenticity, giving consumers confidence in the product they are enjoying.

Why Is Ouzo a Famous Greek Liquor?

Ouzo is a famous Greek liquor and is considered to be a traditional alcoholic drink of Greece. It holds a protected designation of origin, which means that it can only be made in Greece.

Ouzo comes in a distinct clear or slightly yellow color and is known for its strong licorice flavor. It is typically consumed by taking small sips, making it a popular choice for a late afternoon or early evening refreshment.

Ouzo is traditionally enjoyed over ice cubes in a small glass, which helps to dilute its strong taste. Many people are drawn to try ouzo because of its unique flavor and its connection to Greek culture and traditions.

Whether you are looking for a taste of Greece or simply want to try something new, ouzo is a drink worth experiencing.

Here are the different reasons that make Ouzo drink popular.

1. Taste of Ouzo

One of the primary reasons for Ouzo’s fame is its unique and refreshing taste. The anise seeds used in its production provide a distinct licorice-like flavor that is both refreshing and invigorating.

Ouzo’s taste is often described as smooth, complex, and aromatic, making it a delightful choice for those seeking a different drinking experience.

2. Ouzo: Greece’s National Drink

Ouzo’s popularity is further bolstered by its designation as Greece’s national drink. It has become an integral part of Greek cultural identity, celebrated during festivities, social gatherings, and even moments of national significance.

For instance, Ouzo played a significant role in the Greek independence struggle against the Ottoman Empire, symbolizing the spirit of resilience and unity.


3. Rise of Ouzo Producers

Over the years, Ouzo producers in Greece have dedicated themselves to perfecting the craft of Ouzo production. Through continuous innovation and adherence to traditional methods, these producers have elevated the quality and reputation of Greek Ouzo.

Some of the best Ouzo brands in Greece, such as Metaxa, have gained international acclaim and are sought after by connoisseurs worldwide.

4. Ouzo Beyond Borders: A Global Sensation

Thanks to its distinct taste and growing international recognition, Ouzo has transcended Greek borders. With the rise in interest for unique and authentic beverages, Ouzo has made its way onto the international stage.

Its distinct flavor and cultural significance have captivated the palates of individuals around the world, establishing it as a beloved spirit beyond Greek borders.

Travelers who embark on a trip to Greece often find themselves captivated by the allure of Ouzo, bringing back bottles as souvenirs or gifts for friends and family.

Its popularity continues to soar as more people discover its unique flavors and embrace the Greek drinking culture.


Ouzo’s journey from its humble beginnings to becoming one of the most famous Greek liquors is a testament to its rich history, unique taste, and cultural significance. As Greece’s national drink, Ouzo embodies the spirit of Greek hospitality.

Whether enjoyed in the southern regions of Greece, where it is most prevalent, or savored in different parts of the world, Ouzo continues to delight both Greeks and international enthusiasts with its refreshing flavor and captivating traditions.

Thus, Ouzo is an iconic Greek drink that has stood the test of time, captivating both Greeks and international enthusiasts alike. Whether enjoyed as an aperitif, accompanied by meze, or shared among friends, Ouzo embodies the spirit of Greek tradition.

So, next time you have the opportunity, raise a glass of Ouzo and savor the flavors of Greece. Cheers!

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